Wassenaar Agreement Export Control

On 11 and 12 December, the 18th General Assembly of the Wassenaar Arrangement was held in Vienna, chaired by Ambassador Konrad Max Scharinger of the Federal Republic of Germany. Export controls have been strengthened in a number of areas, including space vehicles and passive mobile telecommunications monitoring equipment. Relaxations were implemented in the gas turbine engine and machine tool sectors and the cryptography note was revised. Participating States agreed to continue to take advantage of regional views and agreed to continue work to address new challenges, particularly new technologies. The agreement agreed to continue information activities with respect to industry and non-participating countries. Denmark will take over the presidency of the Plenary Assembly from 1 January 2013 and Ambassador Torben Brylle will assume the presidency. From 1 January 2013, the General Working Group will be chaired by Portugal and the panel will be chaired by the Republic of Korea and LEOM will be chaired by the United States. On May 20, the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) proposed to the U.S. government to implement the agreements reached at the December 2013 plenary session in December 2013, and the list of low-export technologies was amended to include Internet-based surveillance systems. New technologies under the export control system include intrusion software – software designed to defeat computer or network protections, to extract data or information – and IP network surveillance systems. The Wassenaar Agreement is an export control regime with 41 participating states, which promotes transparency in national regimes for controlling exports of conventional weapons and dual-use goods and technologies. Although Japan is considering strengthening export procedures for military-purpose products and technologies under the AV agreement, this could affect some domestic companies, as the new measures cover advanced manufacturing-related areas. In the face of concerns about the adoption of portable air defence systems (MANPADS) by unauthorized users, Parliament stressed the importance of effective implementation of the MANPADS EXPORT CONTROL elements (adopted at the 2003 plenary session and amended in 2007), the need to continue to monitor the situation and to continue discussions to strengthen export controls on MANPADS.

The Assembly also encouraged participating states to continue to promote wassenaar elements for controlling MANPADS exports to non-participating countries. The constituent plenary session was held in Vienna from 2 to 3 April. During that meeting, consensus on all issues could not be reached and the meeting was interrupted, leaving time to resolve the outstanding issues. The plenary session was resumed on 11 and 12 July 1996 with a final consensus on the original elements. This document served as the basis for the VA and defined the new checklists and information exchange that will be implemented from 1 November 1996. The secretariat consisted of about thirty people based in an annex of the U.S. Embassy in Paris.