MEPs approved the second reading of the law by 358 votes to 234. The request for a programme for the EU withdrawal agreement was adopted by 353 votes to 243. The bill will be adopted on Tuesday 6 and Wednesday 7 January in a committee of the whole Assembly and on Thursday 8 January 2020 at its third reading. In 2017, the Liberal Democrats and Greens launched into the British election campaign for a second referendum  and a minority of pro-European Labour and Conservative rebels argued in favour. [Citation required] This [necessary clarification] in April 2018 was allied with the popular voice campaign group.  After several cabinet ministers resigned in protest at Chequers` statement setting out the government`s position in the Brexit negotiations, Conservative MP Justine Greening proposed a three-way referendum, in which the supplementary voting system was withdrawn to avoid splitting votes.  On 23 June, after a strong referendum campaign, almost 52% of British voters decided to leave the EU. Before the vote, the polls had shown a tight race with a slight lead for supporters of remaining in the EU. Conservative British Prime Minister David Cameron, who argued for Britain`s continued existence, acknowledged the “will of the British people” and resigned the next morning.
The following week, Labour announced that it would table its own second amendment in the referendum if its attempts to protect workers` rights, access to the internal market and membership of the Customs Union failed.  After the second defeat of May`s divorce agreement, the European Council met on 21 March in Brussels to decide what to do next. EU leaders have given May two options: postpone Brexit until 22 May if MPs vote in favour of the withdrawal deal, or postpone it until 12 April if they vote against the deal. If the deal fails again in Parliament, May could ask for a lengthy extension. The British Parliament approved the draft agreement by adopting on 23 January 2020 the implementing laws (the 2020 Withdrawal Agreement Act) of the European Union (withdrawal agreement). Following the signing of the agreement, the UK Government adopted and tabled the UK`s ratification instrument on 29 January 2020.  The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020, after approval by the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The UK`s withdrawal from the EU came into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, when the withdrawal agreement came into force in accordance with Article 185. The government lost the vote on the calendar by 308 votes to 322. On 16Thover, the British Parliament voted 432 to 202 against May`s Brexit deal. In response to the result, European Council President Donald Tusk suggested that the only solution be for the UK to remain in the EU. Meanwhile, the British Labour Party has called for a vote of no confidence in the Prime Minister, his second leadership challenge in as many months.
Polling companies have asked questions about the basis of a hypothetical referendum since the 2016 referendum. For most of 2016 and 2017, public opinion strongly opposed holding a new referendum, and, if one of them were proclaimed, polls suggested that the Leave option would again win. However, as Brexit negotiations continued, Leave`s leaders continued to slip and public support for a new referendum grew.  Since February 2019[update], no poll in the British election poll has been ahead of Leave since April 2018, and political scientist John Curtice has found “a modest but clearly noticeable weakening of the leave vote.”   After the historic vote, President Sassoli said, “I am deeply saddened to believe that we have reached this point.