Any reference to “Contracting Party” within the meaning of article I, subparagraph (h) of this Convention, to “State”/”State” or “Contracting State” or “Contracting State” of the Convention shall be interpreted in such a way as to refer to any regional economic integration organization competent to negotiate, conclude and implement international agreements in the fields covered by this Convention. Can Cites – a treaty that focuses on the conservation of fauna and flora by regulating international trade – therefore be used to regulate trade in wild animals to protect human health? Many have weighed the role or non-role of CITES in managing international wildlife trade to minimize the risk of zoonotic transmission. Some advise against any attempt to use CITES in this area, while others argue that CITES can become an appropriate mechanism. CITES is one of the largest and oldest conservation and use agreements that exist. . . .