In the index field, moderate price declines are common and highly unpredictable. Investors who focus on this sector may be more concerned about moderate declines than larger declines. In these cases, a Bear Put Spread is a common hedging strategy. Even if you never cover yourself for your own wallet, you should understand how it works. Many large companies and investment funds will hedge in one way or another. For example, oil companies could hedge against the price of oil. An international investment fund could hedge against exchange rate fluctuations. A fundamental understanding of hedging can help you understand and analyze these investments. That is why the farmer has reduced his risk of fluctuations in the wheat market because he has already guaranteed a number of bushels for a set price. However, there are still many risks associated with this type of coverage. For example, if the farmer has a low-yielding year and harvests less than the amount indicated in the futures contracts, he must buy the bushel elsewhere to fulfill the contract. This becomes even more problematic when declining yields affect the entire wheat industry and the price of wheat rises due to supply and demand pressures. While the farmer insured all the risks of falling prices by fixing the price by a futures contract, he also renounces the right to increase prices.
Another risk related to the futures contract: the risk of default or renegotiation. The futures contract sets an amount and price determined on a given future date. In this context, it is always possible that the buyer does not pay the necessary amount at the end of the contract or that the buyer tries to renegotiate the contract before the expiry of the contract.  Tracker-Hedging is a pre-purchase approach that reduces the open position as the maturity date approaches. In the investment world, hedging works in the same way. Investors and asset managers use hedging practices to reduce and control their risks. To adequately protect oneself in the world of investments, it is necessary to use different instruments strategically to compensate for the risk of adverse price fluctuations in the market. The best way to do this is to target and control another investment. .